\begin{align*} \int_{\gamma} f d z:=\int_{I} f(\gamma(t)) \gamma^{\prime}(t) \,dt = \int_\gamma (u+iv)\,dx+ (-v+iu)\,dy .\end{align*}

If \(f\) is holomorphic on a region \(\Omega\) with \(\pi_1 \Omega = 1\), then for any closed path \(\gamma \subseteq \Omega\), \begin{align*} \int_{\gamma} f(z) \,dz= 0 .\end{align*}

Closed path integrals of holomorphic functions vanish.

Apply Stokes’: \begin{align*} \oint_{\partial D} f(z) d z=\int_{D} d(f(z) d z)=\int_{D}\left(\frac{\partial f}{\partial z} d z+\frac{\partial f}{\partial \overline{z}} d \overline{z}\right) \wedge d z=\int_{D} \frac{\partial f}{\partial z} d z \wedge d z+0 d \overline{z} \wedge d z=0 .\end{align*}